The International Camellia Society (ICS)

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Species R

Camellia remotiserrata Chang (1983).
Subgenus Thea; Section Thea; Series Quinquelocularis. Small tree, 3.5 m Tall. Leaves long-elliptic, 12.5-16 cm long x 5.2-5.8 cm wide, apices caudate. Flowers terminal or axillary, creamy white, 5.2-6,5 cm across with 8-13 petals. Distribution: Yunnan Province, China.
Camellia reticulata Lindl. (1827).
Subgenus Camellia; Section Camellia; Subsection Reticulata; Series Reticulatae. A loose branched tree to to 15 m tall. Leaves broadly elliptic, rarely oblong-elliptic, apices short acute or shortly acuminate, coriaceous, rigid, 7.5-11.5 cm long x 2.5-5.6 cm wide. Flowers perulate, terminal or axillary, rose red, 6-11 cm across with 5-7 petals. In cultivation flowers are larger, with more petals and colours may vary from pale rose to deep crimson, and form from semi-double to complete double and size to 17 cm across. The normal single flowered plant that grows wild in the Province of Yunnan is designated Camellia reticulata Lindl. forma simplex Sealy. Some wild forms of this species are close to C. pitardii, however the latter has comparatively smaller and narrower leaves with sharper serrations and smaller flowers. This species has a long history of cultivation and many cultivars are maintained by vegetative propagation. Synonym: C. heterophylla.

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Camellia rhytidocarpa Chang & Liang in Chang (1981).
Subgenus Camellia; Section Tuberculata. A shrub 3 m tall. Leaves coriaceous, oblong, 6-9.5 cm long x 2.5-3.5 cm wide, apices acuminate. Flowers terminal, sessile, white, 5 cm across with 6 petals. Distribution: Gaungxi, Hunan, and Guizhou Provinces, China.
Camellia rosiflora Hook. (1858).
Subgenus Metacamellia; Section Theopsis. A shrub to 2.5 m tall of lax habit. Leaves elliptic to broad-elliptic, 4.5-8 cm long x 2-2.5 cm wide. Flower pedicellate, 3,5 cm across x 2 cm deep, soft pinkish rose with 6-8 petals. Resembles C. fraterna and C. dubia. Distribution: Jiangsu, Hubei, Zhejiang and Sichuan Provinces, China. Whilst originally thought to have been of hybrid origin, Chang states that it is a wild species in these four provinces.
Camellia rosthorniana Hand.-Mazz, (1925).
Subgenus Metacamellia; Section Theopsis; Series Cuspidatae. A shrub to 3 m tall. Leaves narrow to broad-elliptic, with blunt to long acuminate apices, 2.5-4.2 cm long x 9-18 mm wide. Flowers pedicellate, 1.1-1.4 cm across, white with 5-7 petals. Close to C. transnokoensis only the outer petals are free and the pedicels are shorter. With the specimens from Guizhou and Guangxi, the leaves are lanceolate with caudate apices. Distribution: Sichuan, Yunnan, Guangxi and Guizhou Provinces, China.

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Camellia rotundata Chang (1981).
Subgenus Thea; Section Thea; Series Pentastylae. A tree to 16 m tall. Leaves long-elliptic, 10.3-12.6 cm long x 4-4.7 cm wide, apices acuminate. Flowers terminal, a few axillary, white, 5.7-7.2 cm across with 13-16 petals. Distribution: Yunnan Province, China.
Camellia rubituberculata Chang, (1984).
Subgenus Camellia; Section Tuberculata; Series Tuberculatae. A small tree with glabrous branches. Leaves coriaceous, oblong, 7-9 cm long x 2.2-3 cm wide with brupt-acute apices, upper surface shining grey-green, margins serrulate, petioles 7-11 mm long. Flowers red, 5 cm across, solitary, axillary and terminal; petals 7-8 obovate, 2-2.8 cm long. Seed capsule 3.5 cm deep x 4 cm diameter with 1-6 seeds in each locule. Originated in the Quizhou Province, China.
Camellia rubo-anthera Chang (1984).
Subgenus Camellia; Section Camellia; Subsection Reticulata; Series Reticulatae. A small tree with glabrous branches. Leaves ovate-elliptic to ovate-oblong, 5-7 cm long x 2-3.2 cm wide, apicesa caudate-acuminate, shining dark green, margins finely serrate. Flowers 5 cm across, red, sessile, solitary, terminal; petals 7-8 obovate, 2.5 cm long. Stamens cylindrical, joined at the base. Seed capsule, 2.8 cm high x 3.5 cm wide. Originated in the Quizhou Province, China.


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Species S

Camellia salicifolia Champ. ex Benth. in Hook. (1851).
Subgenus Metacamellia; Section Eriandria. A shrub or small tree with pendulous branches. Leaves oblong to elliptic-oblong, apices acuminate or caudate. Flowers 1.5-2 cm across, white with 5-6 petals, pedicellate, with lanceolate, long-acuminate sepals and densely villose calyx. Synonyms: C. salicifolia var. longisepala and Thea salicifolia var. warbungii. Distribution: Guangdong, Gaungxi, Fujiang Provinces, Hong Kong and Taiwan.
Camellia saluenensis Stapf. ex Bean (1933).
Subgenus Camellia. Section Camellia; Subsection Reticulata; Series Reticulatae. Compact shrub 1-5 m tall. Leaves oblong to elliptic, apices acute to obtuse, 2.5-5.5 cm long x 1-2.3 cm wide, coriaceous. Flowers pedicellate, produced freely, 3-5 cm across, white or flushed pink or pale rose pink or deep rose pink, petals 6-7. Synonyms: C. saluenensis f. minor; C. pitardii var. lucidissima and Thea saluenensis var. lucidissima. Distribution: Yunnan Province, China.
Camellia sasanqua Thunb. (1784).
Subgenus Camellia; Section Oleifera. A densely leafy shrub or small tree up to 6 m tall. Leaves elliptic or oblong elliptic or broad elliptic, apices acute. Flowers 5-7 cm across, perulate, terminal, white to rose wth 6-8 petals. Distribution: Japan and occasionally cultivated in China. This species is close to C. oleifera, only the leaf blades are smaller and slightly thinner, apices obtuse, margins serrulate, sepals glabrous, styles shorter. It is possibly a geographical variant of C. oleifera.
Camellia scariosisepala Chang (1981).
Subgenus Thea; Section Corallina. Small tree, 3-4 m tall. Leaves thin, ovate-elliptic, 5-6 cm long x 2-3 cm wide, apices acuminate. Flowers white, subsessile, with 9 petals. Distribution: Yunnan Province, China.

Camellia semiserrata var. semiserrata Chi (1948).
Subgenus Camellia; Section Camellia; Subsection Reticulata; Series Reticulatae. Small tree to 8.5 m tall. Leaves oblong or elliptic-oblong, apices tapering acuminate, 9-15 cm long x 3-6 cm wide. Flowers red, 6-7 cm across, petals 8-9. Seed capsule to 4.5 cm diameter. Cultivated for oil bearing. Distribution: Guangdong and Guangxi Provinces, China.
Camellia semiserrata var. albiflora Hu & Huang (1965).
Subgenus Camellia; Section Camellia; Subsection Reticulata; Series Reticulatae. A small tree to 6 m tall. Leaves coriaceous, obovate-oblong or oblong, 9.5-14 cm long x 3.5-6 cm wide, apices shorty or long-cuspidate. Flowers white, 5 cm across. Fruit to 6 cm in diameter. Distribution: Guangdong Province, China.
Camellia setiperulata Chang & Lee in Chang (1981).
Subgenus Camellia; Section Camellia; Subsection Reticulata; Series Reticulatae. A shrub or small tree. Leaves coriaceous, oblong, 9-12 cm long x 2.8-4 cm wide, apices acute. Flowers light pink, 6-7 cm across with 6-7 petals. Distribution: Hunan Province, China.
Camellia shensiensis Chang ex Chang (1981).
Subgenus Camellia; Section Paracamellia. Shrub 1.5 m tall. Leaves coriaceous, broadly-elliptic, 3.5-5 cm long x 2-3 cm wide, apices abruptly acute. Flowers, 2.8 cm across, terminal or axillary, sessile, white with 6-7 petals. Distribution: Sichuan, Shaanxi, Hubei, and Yunnan provinces, China.
Camellia sinensis L. var. sinensis Kuntze (1887).
Subgenus Thea; Section Thea; Series Sinensis. A shrub or small tree 1.5-9 m tall. Leaves elliptic, apices obtuse, 4-14.4 cm long x 1.6-5 cm wide. Flower pedicellate, nodding, 1-2 axillary, sometimes up to 7 on a short shoot or leaf axile. Flower shallowly cup-shaped, 1.5-2.2 cm across, white with 7-8 petals. Distribution: Guangxi, Guangdong, Yunan, Anhui, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Fujian, Hunan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Tibet, Japan, Indonesia. This species is so widely distributed and cultivated that there is considerable variation. The branches, leaves and flowers are either glabrous or pubescent. Leaf size is smaller on the cultivated forms, but larger in the wild. Cultivated plants are shrub-like while wild forms grow to trees. Synonyms: Thea sinensis L. (1753); C. sinensis var. sinensis f. macrophylla and C. sinensis var. sinensis f. parvifolia.
Camellia sinensis var. assamica (Mast.) Kitamura (1950).
Subgenus Thea; Section Thea; Series Sinensis. The var. assamica differs to the var. sinensis in growing to a tree up to 17 m tall with larger, thinner leaves, more or less acuminate, 7-22 cm long x 3-7.7 cm wide, thinly leathery. In flowers and fruit they are the same. Distribution: Guangxi, Hainan, Guangdong, Yunnan Provinces, Vietnam and Assam.
Camellia sinensis var. pubilimba Chang (1981).
Subgenus Thea; Section Thea; Series Sinensis. A shrub. Leaves coriaceous, elliptic, 5-9 cm long x 3-4 cm wide, apices abruptly acute, Flowers white, axillary, pedicellate, pubescent. Differs from the type in that the leaves are thin, membraneous, elliptic, pubescent, veins more pronounced, pedicels shorter. Distribution: Guangxi Province, China.
Camellia sinensis var. waldenae (S.Y. Hu) Chang (1981).
Subgenus Thea; Section Thea; Series Sinensis. Differentiated from the type in that the leaves are oblanceolate and shiny above. Flowers are the same. Synonyn: C. waldenae S.Y. Hu (1977). Distribution: Hong Kong, Giangxi Province, China.
Camellia stuartiana Sealy (1947).
Subgenus Metacamellia; Section Theopsis; Series Cuspidatae. A tree about 6 m tall. Leaves broad- elliptic or oblong-elliptic, bluntly acuminate. Flowers shortly pedicellate, 1.7 cm across, white with 5-7 petals. Distribution: Yunnan Province, China.
Camellia subacutissima Chang (1981).
Subgenus Metacamellia; Section Theopsis, Series Cuspidatae. A shrub. Leaves coriaceous, ovate-lanceolate, 5-6 cm long x 1.5-2 cm wide apices caudate-acuminate, Flowers not seen, but pedicellate, axillary. Close to C.a cutissima but the pedicels are shorter and the sepals smaller and nearly free. Distribution: Giangxi and Hunan Provinces, China.
Camellia subglabra Chang (1981).
Subgenus Metacamellia; Section Theopsis; Series Trichandrae. A shrub 2 m tall. Leaves coriaceous, lanceolate, 3.5-4.5 cm long x 8-13 mm wide, apices acuminate. Flowers terminal or axillary, 1.3 across, white with 5 petals. Distribution: Guangdong Province, China.
Camellia subintegra P.C. Huang in Chang (1981).
Subgenus Camellia; Section Camellia, Subsection Reticulata; Series Reticulatae. A small tree. Leave coriaceous, narrowly oblong or lanceolate, 8-11 cm long x 2-3.5 cm wide, apices acuminate. Flowers 1-2, terminal, red 8-9 cm across with 5-6 petals. Distribution: Jiangxi Province, China.
Camellia szechuanensis Chi (1948).
Subgenus Camellia; Section Psuedocamellia, Series Trichocarpae. A shrub, 1-4 m tall. Leaves narrowly elliptic or elliptic, apices caudate or long-acuminate, 6-11 cm long x 1.7-4 cm wide. Flowers subsessile, perulate, solitary or in pairs in axils of upper leaves, white, 3-3.5 cm across with 8 petals. Distribution: Sichuan Province, China.
Camellia szemaoensis Chang (1981).
Subgenus Thea; Section Brachyandra. Shrub to 2 m tall. Leaves coriaceous, obovate-oblong, 4-6 cm long x 1.5-2 cm wide, apices acuminate. Flowers white, sessile, with 7 petals. Distribution: Yunnan Province, China.

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